The BRICS and the Financing Mechanisms They Created

The BRICS and the Financing Mechanisms They Created

An insider’s account of the BRICS process and of the negotiation and implementation of the monetary fund and development bank BRICS created

“Nogueira’s book is a fascinating insider’s account of how the BRICS coalesced as a new geopolitical force in a post-Bretton Woods world and founded two new international financial institutions. The details of how the five countries negotiated among each other is an invaluable resource for current policymakers and future historians alike.” — Dr. Chris Humphrey is senior research associate at the Overseas Development Institute and senior scientist at the ETH Center for Development and Cooperation

The book provides an assessment of BRICS cooperation, focusing on the new financing mechanisms created by the BRICS, the monetary fund and the development bank. It is shown that Brazil, Russia, India and China, joined later by South Africa, share common traits that led them to cooperate in the reform of the international financial architecture, especially the G20 and the IMF. After 2012, in light of the difficulty of having advanced countries agree to move from “tinkering at the margins” to fundamental reform of the Bretton Woods institutions, the BRICS decided to establish their own monetary fund, named the BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), and their own development bank, named the New Development Bank (NDB). The book describes the difficult negotiations among the BRICS between 2012 and 2014. Some of these difficulties revealed the weaknesses that would lead the CRA and the NDB to make slow progress in the first years of their existence. The book provides an overview of the strong points and weaknesses of the initial phase of these financing mechanisms. It ends with a discussion of the future of the BRICS, highlighting that joint action by the five countries is likely to remain an important feature of the international landscape in the decades to come.

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